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2022 in retrospect



LIKE every other year in Nigeria, 2022 had its own ups and down. Nigerians at the beginning of 2022 had thought some of the socio-economic problems and issues experienced in 2021 would be addressed.

  The combination of wars, inflation, energy scarcity and climate change worldwide were not what anyone expected as life was just commencing to move forward from the COVID-19 pandemic.

  In the year 2022, Nigeria witnessed the closure of her universities for eight months due to strike of Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU). The strike which is perceived to have caused a lot of damage to Nigerian university education system is the longest strike ever experienced in the country.

  The education sector for most part of 2022 was a forefront news because of strike.

  After failed attempts to get the lecturers back to work, the federal government headed for the National Industrial Court of Nigeria. This also led to the registration of Congress of University Academics (CONUA), a splinter group from ASUU. ASUU finally called of the eight months strike on October 14.

  Year 2022 saw the resilience of the health sector as routine health programmes which were disrupted in 2020 due to COVID-19 all bounced back in the year under review. Many health intervention programmes took place in 2022.

  Towards the late part of 2022, all COVID-19 restrictions were removed. Also, in 2022 in the health sector, there was the Monkey Pox, Lassa fever and Cholera.

  Insecurity in Nigeria in year 2022 was in the increase. The insecurity situation was at its peak as banditry, kidnappings and killings became an everyday affair in many parts of the country.

  The year in review saw attack on Abuja-Kaduna passenger train where 14 persons were killed and 63 abducted. The attack forced the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC), to suspend operation temporarily on that route. Also, in 2022, there was an attack on St Francis Catholic Church Owo, Ondo State, during Sunday Mass, in which 40 people were killed and many injured.

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  The states in the southeastern region of the country also suffered violence and acts of extra judicial killings.

  There were also incessant jail breaks in different parts of the country. One of the devastating attacks was the Federal Capital Territory, the Kuje Prisons, while the other was in Owerri, Imo State.

  The political scene was heated up in 2022 due to the forthcoming 2023 general elections.

  The primaries by the different political parties produced candidates for the 2023 general elections.

 All Progressives Congress (APC) produced Sen. Bola Tinubu as its presidential flag bearer with SenKashimShettima as his running mate. The Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP) has AtikuAbubakar and IfeanyiOkowa, Labour Party presented Peter Obi as flag bearer and YusufuDatti as his running mate, for New Nigeria’s Peoples Party (NNPP), RabiuKwankwaso emerged the presidential flag bearer with Archbishop Isaac Idahosa as his vice.

  Also in the political scene, President MuhammaduBuhari signed the Electoral Law Amendment Act 2022 into Law. The signed electoral legislation, which among other things, will eradicate many forms of human interference that have always resulted in the rigging of elections in Nigeria.

The law is reshaping the political landscape in Nigeria since its enactment. Several political appointees had to resign to contest the primaries, while some had to let go of political ambition to stay on the job.

  The political scene in 2022 also featured the G-5 Governors namely, Nyesome Wike (Rivers), Seyi Makinde(Oyo), Okezie Ikpeazu ( Abia),Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi (Enugu) and Samuel Orthom( Benue), whose common interest revolved around removal of Sen Iyorcha Ayu, as the PDP National Chairman.

The year under review witnessed Ekiti and Osun States gubernatorial elections, where Biodun Oyebanji was sworn in as the governor of Ekiti State and Sen. AdemolaAdeleke for Osun.

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  The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) saw a surge in the number of citizens seeking to register as voters ahead of 2023 election.

In the year in review, Nigeria’s economy grew by 3.54 percent in the second quarter of 2022 according to reports by National Bureau of Statistics. The report said that growth came through the non-oil sector which grew by 4.77 percent.

  The non-oil sector contributed 93.67 percent to the nation’s Gross Domestic Product in the second quarter of 2022.

  Nigeria’s economy in 2022 saw the soaring and high cost of living. The economy witnessed hike in fuel prices and constant depreciation of the naira to foreign currencies. The country was also plunged into recession.

  In 2022, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) announced its decision to redesign the N200, N500 and N1,000 notes. There was circulation of the new currency on December 15, 2022, while the existing notes shall cease to be legal tender by January 31, 2023.

  Nigeria in the 2022 rainy season suffered a surge in the overflow of water, causing massive flooding across the country.

Many parts of Nigeria, particularly cities and towns along the banks of the River Niger, River Benue and some inland communities suffered unabating flood crisis due to the rise in water level.

  The 2022 flood from the federal government data, displaced over 1.4 million persons, killed over 603 people, and injured more than2,400 persons.

According to reports, it is the most devastating episode of seasonal floods Nigeria has witnessed in decades.

  The year tested the bar and bench in their joint commitment to justice, professionalism, and defense of the rule of law.

  Dominating the centre of activities were battles for the welfare of judges and judicial tests of upholding the unity of the bar and challenges of impartial judgment on political matters.

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  The resignation of Justice Ibrahim Mohammmed in the Apex Court, paved way for Justice Kayode Ariwoola, who was sworn in Chief Judge of Nigeria.

On the foreign scene, issues that dominated the news include Ukraine-Russia war, mutating COVID-19 variants, and climate change amongst others.

  Another event of 2022 was the Conservative Party Leadership election that produced Liz Tross as former United Kingdom Prime Minister. After 45 days, she vacated the seat for Rishi Sunak who is currently UK’s Prime Minister.

Liz Tross not only became UK Prime Minister that Left office after 45 days, but she also became the third woman to occupy the post after Margaret Thatcher and Theresa May.

  In 2022, the world mourned the death of Queen Elizabeth 11, who died at 96, after 70 years on the throne, the longest British Monarch.

  Within the year in review, the sports sector witnessed a couple of historic events.

  There was the World Cup, which was played in Qatar, Commonwealth Games, where Nigeria’s Tobi Amusan won the world record in track and field.

  The Sports community was also thrown into mourning with the death of former Brazilian player and three-time World Cup champion, Pele (Edson Arantes Do Nascimento), at the age of 82.

  In year 2022, the last day of the year, the world mourned the death of former Roman Catholic Pope, Benedict XV1 at the age of 95.The late Benedict XV1became Pope in 2005 after the death of Pope John Paul 11 and resigned in 2015.

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