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Values of maize



MAIZE  also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits.
Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice. However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans: most is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other maize products, such as corn starch and corn syrup.
The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.
Family name: Poaceae
Botanical name: Zea mays
English name: Maize or Corn
Igbo name: Oka, oka amiacha
Hausa name: Agwado
Yoruba name: Agwado
Description: This is a robust upright annual crop with arching, pointed, lanceolate leaves, 30cm-1.5cm long. Male and female flowers are borne separately on the same plant in early summer; males in a tassel, 40cm long, at the top of the stem; females in a cluster in the leaf axils, terminating in long filaments (corn silk) and enlcosed by overlapping, leaf-like sheaths that form a husk. Female flowers are followed by an ear, about 20cm long, consisting of close-set rows of angular seeds, about 5mm long.
Parts used: Stigmas and styles of female flowers, fruit (ear), seeds and oils.
Chemical constituents: Iron, zinc, potassium, starch, sugar, allantoin.
Actions: Sweet, cooling and soothing herb that is diuretic, lowers blood sugar levels, stimulates bile flow and prevents formation of urinary stones (emollient).
Medicinal Uses

  1. Internally for cystitis, urinary stones, urethritis, prostatitis and enuresis in children.
  2. Internally used as medicine for urinary problems.
  3. Externally in the form of a poultice made from cornmeal.
  4. Used for gallstones and jaundice.
  5. Lowers blood cholesterol levels.
  6. Prevents hardening of the arteries.
  7. Promotes healing.
  8. Stimulates prostate gland functions.
  9. Promotes reproductive organ growth.
  10. Strengthens the nervous system.
  11. Builds resistance to disease.
  12. Promotes overall growth.
  13. Corn silk is good for weight reduction.
  14. The styles infusion is for bed wetting in children.
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