ASPILIA is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family. Some authors have merged this genus with Wedelia, but others maintain that more study is required. Aspilia is native to Africa, Madagascar, and Latin America.
Historically, Aspilia africana was used in Mbaise and most Igbo speaking parts of Nigeria to prevent conception, suggesting potential contraceptive and anti-fertility properties.
Leaf extract and fractions of Aspila africana effectively arrested bleeding from fresh wounds, inhibited microbial growth of known wound contaminants and accelerated wound healing process. Aspilia is thought to be used as herbal medicine by some chimpanzees.
Family name: Compositae
Botanical name: Aspila africana
English name: Haemorrhage plant, Wild sunflower
Igbo name: Oranjila, Azuzu, Orama-ejula
Yoruba name: Ako yunyun, Ako
Hausa name: Nasa, Fofo, Mfufu, Kalankuwa
Description: The plant is a weed of cultivated land and fallows. It is of very rapid growth. It has somewhat aromatic, carroty smell. It is grazed by cattle and sheep and is of much use in the Western States as food for rabbits and hares. The plant has hairs all over. It attains the height of 15-23cm. The root is fibrous, green with an erect stem; the leaf is pale green, oblong, pointed or blunt tipped.
Parts used: Root, sap and leaves.
- Fresh leaves on cuts.
- Leaf ash on wounds and sores.
- Root decoction taken for tuberculosis.
- Leaves are made into cough medicine for children.
- Fresh leaves arrest bleeding.
- Plant used to treat (craw-craw) itching.
- It is use to prepare pepper soup for women after delivery with little salt and pepper.
- The water can be used to wash the face for feverish conditions.
- Leaf infusion assists childbirth.
- Infusion with white clay used for stomach troubles.
- The sap is dripped into the eyes for eye pain and headache.