AMARANTHUS hybridus grows from a short taproot and can be up to 2.5 m in height. It is a glabrous or glabrescent plant.
Amaranthus hybridus was originally a pioneer plant in eastern North America. It has been reported to have been found in every state except Wyoming, Utah, and Alaska. It is also found in many provinces of Canada, and in parts of Mexico, the West Indies, Central America, and South America. It has been naturalized in many places of warmer climate. It grows in many different places, including disturbed habitats.
It is extremely variable, and many other Amaranthus species are believed to be natural hybridizations or derive from A. hybridus.
Although easily controlled and not particularly competitive, it is recognized as a harmful weed of North American crops. The plant was used for food and medicine by several Native American groups and in traditional African medicine. Its is among the species consumed as Quelite quintonilli in Mexican food markets.
Family name: Amaranthaceae
Botanical name: Amaranthus hypridas
English name: Green leaf, spinach, bush greens
Igbo name: Inine
Yoruba name: Efo, efo tete, kekere
Hausa name: Rukubu
Description: A robust cosmopolitan herb, 1m high of waste place, clearing, weed of cultivation, anthropogenic and not occurring in virgin bush; recorded throughout the region and in all warm climates. The leaves are edible and are of good nutritional value. They are eaten in all countries, but the plant is seldom cultivated for purpose. Its thorniness presents some obstacle to its preparation as vegetable.
Chemical constituents: xalate, vitamin C, tannin. Potassium oxalate, vitamin C, tannin.
Action: Alternatives, antidotes, diaphoretic, diuretics.
- Good against hemorrhages.
- Relieves menstrual disorders.
- Heals wounds, sores, abscesses.
- Relieves dysentery, diarrhea and abdominal pains.
- Promotes elimination of urine.
- Aids the skin in the elimination of toxic wastes.
- The leaves are applied as poultice to inflammations, boils abscesses.
- Plant sap used as eye washes for children’s convulsion.
- Solution of plant ash used for washing sore and leprosy sores.
- Plants used for internal troubles and body pains by the whole plant, root, stem and leaves boiled with water, add little lime and honey if you like.